CFP: European Symposium Series on Multimodal Communication

09-10-Sep-2019, Leuven, Belgium

The 6th European and 9th Nordic Symposium on Multimodal Communication aims to provide a multidisciplinary forum for researchers from different disciplines who study multimodality in human communication as well as in human-computer interaction. The 2019 edition of the MMSYM symposium is organized by the MIDI research group (Multimodality, Interaction & Discourse) based at the Linguistics Department of the University of Leuven, Belgium.

The symposium follows up on a tradition established by the Swedish Symposia on Multimodal Communication held from 1997 until 2000, and continued by the Nordic Symposia on Multimodal Communication held from 2003 to 2012. Since 2013 the symposium has acquired a broader European dimension, with editions held in Malta, Estonia, Ireland, Denmark and Germany. This year the symposium will be held in Belgium for the first time.

The past ten years have witnessed a spectacular increase in research on multimodal communication from a variety of perspectives and (sub)disciplines, including (corpus) linguistics, conversation analysis, human-computer interaction research, and (critical) discourse analysis. This has not only led to a range of novel insights into the dynamics of embodied and situated communication (see e.g. Müller et al. 2013, 2014 for an overview), but has also been the catalyst for the development and implementation of methodological innovations, including the use of high-quality (including multi-angle) video recordings, the integration of input from motion capturing systems, biometric sensor systems and eye-tracking into a multimodal analysis pipeline, the exploration of (semi-)automatic annotation techniques for large-scale corpora, and the implementation of multimodal interaction in computer interfaces. Despite the rapid development of the fields involved, many questions still need to be resolved and new challenges emerge for research on multimodal communication. The MMSYM symposium aims to provide a forum for the discussion of these challenges.

Confirmed invited speakers:

Federico Rossano
University of California San Diego, Cognitive Science – Comparative Cognition Lab

Lindsay Ferrara
NTNU Trondheim, Department of Language & Literature

Topics:
The 2019 edition of the MMSYM Symposium zooms in on the theme of Multimodal Interaction, with a specific focus on corpus-based and experimental approaches to multimodal interaction in spoken and signed language. Recent corpus-linguistic as well as experimental work has provided evidence for multimodal patterns in face-to-face communication as the most basic form of human interaction. The MMSYM aims to provide a forum for this particular line of research.

Apart from this specific theme, the symposium is open for contributions covering all aspects of multimodal communication, including but not limited to:

Speech, gestures and signs in human communication
– Intercultural aspects of multimodal behaviour
– Multimodality aspects of language acquisition (both L1 and L2)
– Multimodal human computer interaction and conversational agents
– Multimodal systems for sign language users
– Multimodal health communication
– Multimodal communication, communication disorders and communication support
– Multimodal dialogue systems
– Multimodal corpora
– Sign language corpora
– Annotation schemes and tools for multimodal corpora
– Automatic recognition and interpretation of different modalities and their interaction
– Machine-learning techniques applied to multimodal data
– Evaluation methods for multimodal systems

Submission Guidelines:

We invite proposals for paper presentations of up to 500 words, including references. If relevant, links to multimedia clips that are made available online can be included in the abstract. All references to authors should be omitted for purposes of blind review.
Abstracts should be submitted as pdf files and sent to mmsym@kuleuven.be before 25 April 2019. Please make sure to add the following information in the body of that e-mail:

– names of authors
– title
– preferred presentation format (i.e. presentation or poster)

Important Dates:

– Deadline for abstract submissions: 25 April, 2019
– Notification of acceptance: 15 May, 2019
– Revised abstracts: 15 August, 2019
– Symposium dates: 9-10 September, 2019

2nd Call for Papers: Psycholinguistics in Flanders (PiF)

23-24 May-2019, Antwerp, Belgium

We are pleased to announce the next Psycholinguistics in Flanders (PiF) conference held in Antwerp, Belgium, on May 23 and 24 2019. Psycholinguistics in Flanders (PiF) workshop has established itself as the yearly venue for young psycholinguists (PhD students and postdocs). We welcome contributions related to all aspects of language processing and language acquisition, including, but not limited to, reading, text comprehension, word processing, learning, speech production, speech perception, etc.

2nd Call for Papers:

We are pleased to announce the next Psycholinguistics in Flanders (PiF) conference held in Antwerp, Belgium, on May 23 and 24 2019.

Psycholinguistics in Flanders (PiF) workshop has established itself as the yearly venue for young psycholinguists (PhD students and postdocs). More information will soon be available at https://www.uantwerpen.be/en/conferences/psycholinguistics-in-flanders/

You can submit your title and abstract via email to pif2019@uantwerp.be before March 15, 2019. We welcome contributions related to all aspects of language processing and language acquisition, including, but not limited to, reading, text comprehension, word processing, learning, speech production, speech perception, etc. The maximum length of the abstract is 400 words, including references.

Please let us know whether you prefer an oral or a poster presentation when you send us your abstract. For further information about the presentations: https://www.uantwerpen.be/en/conferences/psycholinguistics-in-flanders/call-for-abstracts/information-for-pres/

Invited speakers are Alice Foucart from University Pompeu Fabra (Barcelona) and Kim Van Dun from Hasselt University.

We offer a free pre-conference workshop on public speaking on May 23, but places are limited, so make sure you register early enough if you want to participate.

Other important dates to keep in mind:
– 10 April: notification of acceptance and registration will be open
– 30 April: deadline for registration

We are looking forward to receiving your contribution and to welcoming you in Antwerp in May!

Hanne Surkyn, Edwige Sijyeniyo, Dominiek Sandra, Sarah Bernolet and the Organizing Committee of PiF 2019

University of Antwerp
Computational linguistics and Psycholinguistics
Stadscampus L
Lange Winkelstraat 40-42
2000 Antwerp

PhD Candidate: “Prosodic cues to syntactic reanalysis: experimentally tracking Jespersen’s cycle in progress”

The project “Prosodic cues to syntactic reanalysis: experimentally tracking Jespersen’s cycle in progress” is opening a fully-funded 4-year PhD position in linguistics at Ghent University, with a monthly salary of approximately € 1900 starting September 2019 (or earlier). The project is embedded in the research group DiaLing (Diachronic and Diatopic linguistics), and forms a multinational collaboration between the universities of Ghent (Belgium), Kent (UK), and Padova (Italy).

The project:
The project explores how prosody interacts with syntactic structure at different stages of an ongoing syntactic change using experimental methods. Concretely, it will study the incipient stages of Jespersen’s Cycle in Northern Italian dialects, testing the hypotheses (i) that the reanalysis of an emphatic reinforcer of the expression of negation as a neutral marker of sentential negation should correlate with greater intra- and inter-speaker variability in the prosodic encoding in both production and perception, and (ii) that unclear prosodic encoding can advance an ongoing syntactic reanalysis. Besides supervision at Ghent University, the project will involve fieldwork at the University of Padova, annotation and analyses of prosody in dialectal production data, and perception experiments with dialect speakers. Parts of this work will be conducted at the University of Kent.

The supervisory team:
The PhD project is a collaboration between the universities of Ghent, Kent and Padova. The supervision is shared between the members of the team as follows:
(i) at Ghent by Prof. Dr. Breitbarth (historical syntax and language change) and Prof. Dr. Crocco (syntax/ prosody interface and prosody of Italian)
(ii) at Kent by Dr. Rathcke (intonational phonology and perception of prosody)
(ii) at Padua by Dr. Garzonio (Italian dialectology and Northern Italian dialects)
Required training will be provided by the team members, the Doctoral Schools at Ghent and the Graduate School at Kent. The project further involves attendance of Summer Schools and conferences.

Requirements:
– A Master degree in Linguistics (candidates due to obtain their degree in autumn 2019 are welcome to apply), specialising in prosody, syntax or Italian dialectology
– Native or near-native knowledge of Italian
– Good knowledge (in speaking and writing) of English
– Good interpersonal skills, which are required for the field work
– A background in any subset of Italian dialectology, fieldwork experience, (historical) syntax, prosody, or phonetics would be an asset
How to apply:

The application (in English) should include:
– An extensive CV
– A covering letter, outlining your background, experience and motivation for this position
– Copies of education certificates, and a transcript of records of the MA (or equivalent)
– One written piece of work (e.g. BA-thesis, MA-thesis, a paper/manuscript submitted for a publication or a PhD exposé)
– Contact information (e-mail) of two academic referees

The envisaged starting date is September 2019 (or earlier). You are welcome to contact Prof. Crocco if you have further questions.

Please send your application by email by 1 June, 2019 to Prof. Dr. Claudia Crocco: claudia.crocco@ugent.be. The interviews will take place on 4 July in Padua.

Applications Deadline: 01-Jun-2019

Mailing Address for Applications:
Attn: Prof. Claudia Crocco
Ghent University, Dept. of Linguistics
Blandijnberg 2
Ghent 9000
Belgium

Contact Information:
Prof. Claudia Crocco
claudia.crocco@ugent.be
Phone:+32.9.264.9592

PhD candidate: “Greetings from the past: on the use of interjections in foreign language textbooks from Early modern Flanders”

The Research Group for Diachronic and Diatopic linguistics (DiaLing) at Ghent University invites applications for a full-time 4-year position as doctoral researcher. The PhD student will be working on the project “Greetings from the past: on the use of interjections in foreign language textbooks from Early modern Flanders”. Starting date is 1/10/2019 (or earlier).

PROJECT DESCRIPTION

This project focuses on interjections in spoken 16th-century Dutch, contrasted with other Germanic and Romance languages. We will investigate their semantic-pragmatic functions in multilingual textbooks (Colloquia, et dictionariolum, 1536-1700).

The aims of the project consist in
– Compiling a multilingual, parallel corpus
– Providing a systematic and detailed semantic-pragmatic description of the interjections used in the Colloquia, starting with the Dutch version and contrasting it with French as well as other Germanic and Romance languages, for example German and Spanish
– Contributing to a refinement of the semantic-pragmatic typology of interjections in Dutch, based on diachronic and European-comparative insights as well as contributing to the theoretical discussion on the semantic-pragmatic typology of interjections and their relationship with and differentiation from other grammatical categories such as particles
– Identifying cases of language contact and, more specifically, semantic transfer in the case of collaboratively translated texts and thereby shedding light on the genesis and spread of interjections in multilingual contexts
– Identifying conversational routines and communicative practices in which the interjections are embedded; thereby getting a better understanding of aspects of linguistic and cultural knowledge that were regarded as relevant for communication in multilingual settings in Early modern times, more specifically in the Low Countries

YOUR PROFILE
– Master’s degree in Linguistics (candidates due to obtain their degree in autumn 2019 are welcome to apply), specialising in historical linguistics, corpus linguistics or sociolinguistics
– Good knowledge of Dutch
– Linguistic expertise in one or more of the following languages is an asset: French, German, Spanish or English
– Good academic skills in English
– Good social and communicative skills
– Capacity for autonomous research

YOUR TASKS
– Collaborating on the compilation of a multilingual parallel corpus of 16th-century textbooks
– Writing a PhD-thesis on the basis of the project
– Preparing individual and joint publications for national and international scientific journals
– Presenting research at national and international conferences

WE OFFER
We offer a 4-year full-time PhD position at Ghent University (Research Group DiaLing & Department of Linguistics/Dutch Linguistics). Starting date is 1/10/2019 (or earlier).

HOW TO APPLY
Candidates are invited to apply (in English) by submitting two types of documents by e-mail to Prof. Ulrike Vogl (ulrike.vogl@ugent.be) by May 26th 2019:

1) a single pdf-document with:
– A cover letter, outlining your background, experience and motivation for this position
– An extensive CV
– Copies of education certificates, and a transcript of records of the MA (or equivalent)
– Contact information (e-mail) of two academic referees

2) one written piece of work (e.g. BA-thesis, MA-thesis, a paper/manuscript submitted for a publication or a PhD exposé)

On the basis of these documents, candidates will be selected for an interview (if necessary, interviews can be held via Skype if the applicants live abroad). The interviews are expected to take place in June 2019.

You are welcome to contact Prof. Ulrike Vogl if you have any further questions (ulrike.vogl@ugent.be).

Please send your application by email by May 26th, 2019 to Prof. Dr. Ulrike Vogl: ulrike.vogl@ugent.be.

Applications Deadline: 26-May-2019

Contact Information:
Prof. Ulrike Vogl
ulrike.vogl@ugent.be

CFP: Psycholinguistics in Flanders

We are pleased to announce the next Psycholinguistics in Flanders (PiF) conference held in Antwerp, Belgium, on 23 and 24 May 2019. Psycholinguistics in Flanders (PiF) workshop has established itself as the yearly venue for young psycholinguists (PhD students and postdocs). We welcome contributions related to all aspects of language processing and language acquisition, including, but not limited to, reading, text comprehension, word processing, learning, speech production, speech perception, etc.

More information will soon be available at https://www.uantwerpen.be/en/conferences/psycholinguistics-in-flanders/

You can submit your title and abstract via email to pif2019@uantwerp.be before March 15, 2019. We welcome contributions related to all aspects of language processing and language acquisition, including, but not limited to, reading, text comprehension, word processing, learning, speech production, speech perception, etc. The maximum length of the abstract is 400 words, including references.

Invited speakers are Alice Foucart from University Pompeu Fabra (Barcelona) and Kim Van Dun from Hasselt University.

This year PiF will also organize a pre-conference workshop in which you can perfect your presentation skills.

We are looking forward to receiving your contribution and to welcoming you in Antwerp in May!

Hanne Surkyn, Edwige Sijyeniyo, Dominiek Sandra, Sarah Bernolet and the Organizing Committee of PiF 2019

University of Antwerp
Computational linguistics and Psycholinguistics
Stadscampus L
Lange Winkelstraat 40-42
2000 Antwerp

Job: lecturer in Romance linguistics with a specific focus on Italian and Spanish, Université libre de Bruxelles

The Language, Communication and Translation Faculty at the Université libre de Brussels is hiring a part-time (0.4 FTE) lecturer in Romance linguistics, with a specific focus on Italian and Spanish, and expertise in phonetics, phonology, morphology and/or syntax. Expertise in comparative linguistics is an asset.

From the first year on, the successful candidate will teach one MA-level course in Spanish and one MA-level course in Italian linguistics, to which will be added, in the subsequent years, one BA-level course on comparative Romance linguistics. The successful candidate will also supervise MA theses in their area of specialization.

Knowledge of French (C1 level) is not required at the time of hiring, but the successful candidate will have to be able to teach the third course (comparative Romance linguistics) in French at most three years after their hiring. The successful candidate will also have an excellent research record in Romance linguistics. Previous teaching experience is an asset.

The application should consist of:
– A cover letter briefly explaining the candidate’s motivation;
– A CV including a publication list;
– A teaching project (around 7000 signs);
– Contact details of five referees.

Questions about the position (including prospects for potential career development) can be addressed to Prof Mikhail Kissine at the contact information below. Administrative information about the application can be found at the application link provided below.

Application Deadline: 28-Feb-2019

Web Address for Applications: http://www.ulb.ac.be/ulb/vacances/academiques/index-3.html
Contact Information:
Prof Mikhail Kissine
mkissine@ulb.ac.be

International Workshop on the L1 and L2 Acquisition of Information Structure

Call Deadline: 01-Feb-2019

Meeting Description:

The aim of this workshop is to gather researchers working on different aspects of the L1 and L2 acquisition of Information Structure in different languages, using experimental protocols or corpus research, to gain a better understanding of the development of Information Structure.

2nd Call for Papers:

In recent years, the study of Information Structure in child language has gained significant interest. Studies show that the accessibility level of referents influences children’s referential choices (Hendriks, Koster, & Hoeks, 2014; Hickmann & Hendriks, 1999) or word order (Narasimhan & Dimroth, 2008, 2018; Stephens, 2010; Schelletter and Leinonen; 2003). Children’s prosodic and syntactic choices to encode the topic and focus have also been studied in some detail (Arnhold, Chen, & Järvikivi, 2016; Chen, 2011; De Cat, 2009).

While some studies suggest that morphology and syntax are acquired before pragmatics and Information Structure (Schaeffer & Matthewson, 2005), others show that some of children’s constructions encode an adult-like Information Structure configuration: French and Italian children use dislocations to encode the topic of the utterance from the start(Belleti and Manetti, 2018; De Cat, 2007, 2009).

Children do not develop all aspects of Information Structure at the same rate. Dutch children acquire the intonation contour to mark topic before the contour for focus (Chen, 2011), and Portuguese children acquire the syntactic marking of focus while they still struggle with the computations required to interpret stress shift as a focus marker (Costa and Szendrői, 2006).

The study of L2 acquisition of Information Structure has also developed recently (Colonna et al., 2018; Park, 2018 among others), and reevaluates former findings. According to Fuller and Gundel (1987), the interlanguage of L2 learners is characterized by an early topic-prominent stage and a late subject-prominent stage, but recent research however suggests a transfer from L1 characteristics (Jin, 1994; Jung, 2004). Some authors consider that L2 learners have difficulties acquiring the syntax-pragmatic and Information Structure interface (Sorace & Filiaci, 2006; Alvaro, 2018). Some find that L2 learners, as they become more advanced, manage to acquire syntactic constructions with the appropriate Information Structure function (Reichle and Birdsong, 2013; Hughes, 2010; Dominguez and Arche, 2010; Donaldson, 2011a, 2011b)

The questions which can be addressed include, but are not restricted to:

– Which prosodic, morphologic or syntactic means are used by children to encode Information Structure? What is the developmental pattern of these means?
– Are some means to encode Information Structure (prosody vs syntax) acquired earlier than others?
– How does the division of labor between syntax/prosody and Information Structure in the target language impact on its acquisition?
– Are some aspects of Information Structure (referential vs. relational) easier to acquire by children?
– Are there early stages in L1 or L2 language development exhibiting more topic-prominent or subject-prominent characteristics?
– Which aspects of Information Structure are acquired in production before comprehension?

We invite you to submit proposals for 20-minute individual presentations. Abstracts should not exceed two pages in length, 12-point type, Times New Roman, single line spacing, 2.5cm (1 inch) margins, including examples and tables.

Abstracts should be submitted in PDF format via EasyChair: https://easychair.org/conferences/?conf=ais2019

Conference Website: https://www.arts.kuleuven.be/ling/is-acquisition/AIS2019

Keynote Speakers:

Aoju Chen (Utrecht Institute of Linguistics)
Carla Soares (Université Paris VIII)
Maria Lobo (Universidade Nova de Lisboa)
Kriszta Szendrői (University College London)

CFP : Journée d’étude « Linguistique générale 101 »

3 mai 2019, Namur, Belgium

Après le centenaire de la publication du Cours de linguistique générale de Saussure et les célébrations afférentes, il nous semble utile de prendre le temps de réfléchir collectivement à l’enseignement de la linguistique dans notre siècle.

Le public n’est plus le même, les conditions de travail non plus : dans diverses universités européennes, il n’y a pas de cursus de sciences du langage, seulement quelques cours plus ou moins imposés aux étudiants. À l’inverse, des chaînes dédiées à la linguistique ont fait leur apparition sur Youtube, mais dans un format bien différent du cours ex cathedra. Dans ce contexte mouvant, diverses questions méthodologiques méritent d’être posées. Des développements épistémologiques peuvent apparaître à leur suite. Nous pouvons ainsi nous demander s’il existe un noyau dur de la linguistique qui devrait être un premier pas dans l’enseignement. Subséquemment, devons-nous estimer que certaines théories se périment et ne méritent plus d’être enseignées ?

Nous souhaiterions aussi nous arrêter sur le terme de « linguistique générale » qui tend à disparaître des campagnes de recrutement de ces dernières années en France. Les universités recrutent des spécialistes de tel ou tel sous-domaine, cela signifie-t-il qu’il n’y a plus besoin de « généraliste » ? Dans l’optique de préparer sa carrière, le jeune chercheur a-t-il encore un quelconque intérêt à connaître les différents auteurs et courants de sa discipline ?

Enfin, l’avenir de l’enseignement de la linguistique est une question qu’il est nécessaire de se poser. Dans une pétition, des collègues réclamaient en 2004 de « sauver les sciences du langage » ; depuis, le recul du nombre de postes d’enseignants-chercheurs dans notre discipline est flagrant. Selon Rastier, le risque est même grand pour la linguistique de se voir démembrée entre les sciences cognitives et celles de la communication. Des départements de linguistique ferment dans divers pays, le recrutement en France met l’accent sur la didactique et les préparations au concours, la linguistique ne risque-t-elle pas de se résumer sous cet angle à une discipline auxiliaire ?

Appel à communications :

Les propositions pourront s’articuler autour des aspects suivants, sans en exclure d’autres :

—L’enseignement de la linguistique dans les universités.
—L’enseignement de la linguistique dans le secondaire.
—La linguistique générale au 21e siècle.
—L’intérêt des cours de linguistique pour les autres disciplines (études littéraires, langues étrangères, philosophie, etc.).
—Les travaux en linguistique de corpus amènent-ils à repenser les exemples donnés dans les cours ?
—Les rapports entre recherche et enseignement.
—La question de la surspécialisation.
—La linguistique dans la formation des traducteurs.
—La linguistique dans les concours de recrutement.

Conférenciers invités :

Philippe Blanchet, Université de Rennes
François Rastier, CNRS

Date limite de soumission : 17 février 2019
Réponse : début mars 2019

Les propositions, d’environ 300 mots, sont à envoyer à jean-louis.vaxelaire@unamur.be. Les communications, de 30 minutes questions comprises, pourront se faire en français, anglais, espagnol ou italien.

PhD candidate: « Discrimination-based verbal aggression in interpreter-mediated public service provision in Flanders »

The Ghent University Research Centre MULTIPLES seeks to recruit a PhD candidate to work on a project titled  »Discrimination-based verbal aggression in interpreter-mediated public service provision in Flanders ».

The research is situated in the domain of Interpreting Studies. It investigates how public service interpreters in Flanders handle discrimination-based verbal aggressions in various phases of the assignment (i.e. before, during and after the interpreted encounter). The research particularly focuses on (1) the discursive level of the interpreted encounter (e.g. do interpreters use mitigating / reinforcing strategies when confronted with verbal aggressions between participants), (2) the interactional level (e.g. do meta-comments or reported speech use modify participation frameworks) and (3) the professional identity (i.e. occupational well-being, reflections on codes of conduct, stances on the own agency, etc.). Data will be collected using qualitative research methods.

TASKS
– Collecting and analyzing data
– Writing a dissertation on the basis of the project
– Preparing individual and joint publications for national and international scientific journals
– Presenting your research at national and international conferences
– Preparing oral and written reports for the institutions / agencies participating in the research
– You will occasionally assist in the teaching activities at the department

WHAT WE ARE LOOKING FOR
– Master’s degree in a relevant field (Interpreting Studies, Multilingual Communication, Linguistics, Anthropology) obtained with good grades before the start of the project
– Fluent in Dutch and English; additional knowledge of (one or more) other languages is a plus
– Academic skills in English
– Strong interpersonal and communication skills
– Ability to work independently on your research as well as to work in a team
– Knowledge of discrimination-sensitive work and/or of the field of public service interpreting in Flanders is a plus

OFFER
– Two-year appointment (1+1), which may be renewed once for two years, on condition that the previous term was given a positive evaluation.
– The position is available from 1 May 2019, but the starting date is negotiable up to 1 September 2019.

INTERESTED?
Applications (Dutch or English) to be submitted by e-mail to Prof July De Wilde (july.dewildeugent.be) by 15 March 2019:
1) A single pdf-document with:
– A letter of application
– A CV (including an overview of the applicant’s study results and the contact details of one person we may contact for a reference)
– A copy of the required Master’s degree
2) A personal piece of scientific writing in the form of a student paper or publication, demonstrating your academic skills.

MORE INFORMATION: Prof July De Wilde – july.dewilde@ugent.be

Applications Deadline: 15-Mar-2019

Mailing Address for Applications:
Attn: Prof July De Wilde
Groot-Brittanniëlaan 45
Ghent B-9000
Belgium

Contact Information:
Prof July De Wilde
july.dewilde@ugent.be

Crossing the Border between Spanish and English: Current Issues, Future Perspectives, Linguistic and Literary Insights

This international congress is a joint initiative of the Research Group CROS of the Department of Spanish and Comparative Romance Linguistics at Ghent University (Belgium) and the Department of Linguistics and Literary Studies (Spanish language) at the Vrije Universiteit Brussel (Belgium) http://www.cros.ugent.be/ .

The congress will take place at Het Pand (Ghent, Belgium) on 5-6 February, 2019.

Plenary speakers:

Linguistics: Kim Potowski (University of Illinois)
Literary Studies: An Van Hecke (KU Leuven, Antwerpen)
Cultural Studies: Silvia Betti (Università di Bologna)

Program:

A detailed conference program can be consulted on http://www.cros.ugent.be/wp-content/uploads/2018/12/141219_timetable_CROS.pdf

Registration is now open, see: http://www.cros.ugent.be/en/cros-2019-conference/