The written and oral exams aim both to measure skills acquired as well as the student's communication skills and know-how. Some subjects, geared towards helping the student develop skills in research and personal criticism, are subject to presentations and discussions spread out over the year (permanent evaluation).
Courses are evaluated according to current university regulations (see General Examination Regulations). Students may find further information on specific evaluation methods in the course descriptions.
To obtain a student’s average, the grades awarded for each course unit are weighted by their respective credits