This biannual learning unit is not being organized in 2020-2021 !
At the end of this learning unit, the student is able to :
a. Contribution of the teaching unit to the learning outcomes of the programme (PHYS2M and PHYS2M1)
1.1, 1.2, 1.5
3.1, 3.2, 3.3
5.1, 5.2, 5.3, 5.4
6.1, 6.2, 6.3, 6.5
7.1, 7.2, 7.3, 7.4, 7.5, 7.6
b. Specific learning outcomes of the teaching unit
At the end of this teaching unit, the student will be able to :
1. explain the principle of linear stability analysis ; 2. derive the shallow-water model and explain its interest for atmospheric and ocean waves ; 3. apply the principle of linear stability analysis to derive theories for atmospheric and oceanic waves (gravity waves, Rossby waves, Kelvin waves) and instabilities (baroclinic and barotropic instabilities) ; 4. develop models of non-linear waves ; 5. demonstrate the link between these theories and actual phenomena in the ocean-atmosphere system (tides, El-Nino, Madden-Julien instability) and discuss their limitations and importance for our understanding of the ocean-atmosphere dynamics ; 6. analyse a specific phenomenon involving atmospheric and oceanic waves and instabilities or oscillations on the basis of available literature and communicate this analysis to colleagues ; 7. criticise the presentation and provide constructive feedback to colleagues on the scientific aspects of the presentation.
- Dynamical stability: elementary concepts
- Fondamental equations of geophysical fluid dynamics
- Conservation of vorticity
- Linear waves
- Shallow-water model
- Gravity waves, Poincare waves
- Two-layer model and effective gravity
- Equatorial waves
- Kelvin coastal waves (and tides)
- Hydrodynamical instability (linear theory)
- General principle
- Kelvin-Helmholtz instability
- Quasi-geostrophic model
- Rossby waves
- Conditions of instability in a 2-layer model
- Non-linear waves
- Solitons as a model of the tsunami
- Oscillations and relaxtion phonomena
- General background and principles
- Applications et modèles conceptuels
- Critical phenomena
- Principles of adjustment and dissipation
- Application to storm tracks and other critical phenomena
- Case studies (to be presented by students)
Due to the COVID-19 crisis, the information in this section is particularly likely to change.Fundamental material presented by teacher(s) (blackboard and slides).
Applications of fundamental notions and case studies to be presented by the students, with the support of the lecturer, following the principle of flipped classes. A portfolio of authoritative reviews on case studies is made available by the teacher.
Due to the COVID-19 crisis, the information in this section is particularly likely to change.Feedback during the flipped classes.
Case studies : oral presentation and final report.
B. Cushman-Roisin et J. M. Beckers, Introduction to Geophysical Fluid Dynamics, Volume 101, Elsevier.
H. Dijkstra, Nonlinear climate dynamics, Cambridge University Press.