|Titre :||Social construction of mental disabilities in Russian residential care institutions (2017)|
|Auteurs :||Anna Klepikova, Auteur|
|Type de document :||Article : texte imprimé|
|Dans :||Public health panorama (Vol. 3 n° 1, Mars 2017)|
|Article en page(s) :||pp. 22-30|
Introduction: The paper examines the situation of people with mental disabilities currently living in long-term residential institutions in the Russian Federation, with a primary focus on congenital intellectual and developmental disabilities. The goal was to reveal the ways in which contemporary Russian society conceptualizes disabilities by describing the attitudes towards disability of different groups of care-workers in an institutional setting.
Methods: The research is based on qualitative methodology, and the data was collected mainly by participant observation and analysed using grounded theory methodology.
Results: Two contradictory attitudes to mental disabilities were revealed through lay and professional discourses and social policy-making: the first was a paternalistic medical approach characteristic of representatives of the state residential institutions; and the other was the ideology of normalization and the social model approach, as advocated by nongovernmental organizations and disability rights activists.
Conclusion: Implementation of the normalization principle by grass-root organizations is now partly supported by an official social policy that is slowly turning towards deinstitutionalization, following the western European and North American model of inclusion. The boundaries of the cultural notions of norm and normality have now changed to include a wide variety of individuals who were previously isolated in specialized institutions, labelled as mentally disabled and considered barely human.
|Note de contenu :||Scientifique|
|RESO P.50||P000045||Bulletin||RESOdoc||Consultation sur place|