Title: "Non-parametric PSF estimation from celestial transit solar images using blind deconvolution"
Speaker: Adriana Gonzalez
Location: "Shannon" Seminar Room, Place du Levant 3, Maxwell Building, 1st floor
Date / Time (duration): Wednesday 18/03/2015, 10h40 (~ 45')
Abstract: Characterization of instrumental effects in astronomical imaging is important in order to extract accurate physical information from the observations. Optics are never perfect and the non-ideal path through the telescope is usually represented by the convolution of an ideal image with the Point Spread Function (PSF) of the instrument. Additionally, the image acquisition process is contaminated by other sources of noise. The problem of estimating both the PSF and the denoised and deblurred image, called blind deconvolution, is ill-posed. We propose a blind deconvolution scheme that relies on image regularization. Contrarily to most methods presented in the literature, the proposed method does not assume a parametric model of the PSF and can thus be applied to any telescope. Our scheme is based on a wavelet analysis image prior model and weak assumptions on the filterís response. We use the observations from a celestial body transit where such object can be assumed to be a black disk. Such constraints limit the interchangeability between the filter and the image in the blind deconvolution problem. The proposed method is applied on synthetic and experimental data. The PSF is estimated for SECCHI/EUVI instrument using the 2007 Lunar transit, and for SDO/AIA with the 2012 Venus transit. Results show that the proposed non-parametric blind deconvolution method is able to estimate the core of the PSF with a similar quality than parametric methods proposed in the literature. We also show that, if these parametric estimations are incorporated in the acquisition model, the resulting PSF outperforms both the parametric and non-parametric methods.
Last updated March 17, 2015, at 10:42 AM