The study of animal evolution from the first animals to modern Man is based on arguments of anatomy and compared embryology illustrating the principle « ontogeny recapitulates phylogeny ».
At the end of this learning unit, the student is able to :
After this course, students should understand the basis of life on Earth and be able to answer the following key questions: what are living organisms, what do they have in common, and what differentiates them.
These lectures constitute a framework that will be developed in more detailed courses in the following years, with a special focus on cellular and molecular biology, Mendelian genetics and evolution from bacteria to modern Man.
Those aims try to develop qualities of intellectual curiosity, observation, reasoning, synthesis, scientific rigour, oral, written and iconographic expression, and finally of self-learning, stimulating the consultation of books, scientific reviews, and informatics materials (CD-Rom, websites).
Chapter 1: The chemistry of life
Chapter 2: The cell
Chapter 3: Cell physiology
Chapter 4: Cell communication and signaling
Chapter 5: Reproduction and genetics
Chapter 6: Cell differentiation and embryology
Chapter 7: Evolution
Chapter 8: Experimental biology (for biomedical students only).
Due to the COVID-19 crisis, the information in this section is particularly likely to change.The course includes lectures, practical works and tutorials.
Due to the COVID-19 crisis, the information in this section is particularly likely to change.Assessment: Written exam.