At the end of this learning unit, the student is able to :
Contribution of the course to the program objectives
Axis Nº1 : 1.1
Axis Nº3 : 3.1 et 3.3
Axis Nº4 : 4.2, 4.3, et 4.4
Axis Nº5 : 5.3, 5.4, 5.5 et 5.6
Axis Nº6 : 6.1, 6.4
Specific learning outcomes of the course
At the end of their classes, the students are expected to be able:
The second part deals with superconducting materials. After a review of the historical background, the most important experimental facts and materials are presented. The theoretical framework is briefly sketched (London, BCS, Ginsburg-Landau) emphasizing the consequences. The use of superconductors is discussed for power transmission and high magnetic fields production. The notions of critical current and magnetic field and vortex lattices are introduced. The current/voltage characteristics of a superconducting junctions are described (Josephson effects), presenting practical applications such very sensitive detectors (SQUID) and high-frequency devices.
The third part is devoted to optical materials with every-day-life applications. Absorption, emission, and propagation phenomena in condensed-matter are studied in detail. The theory is illustrated by analyzing various typical cases chosen among electroluminescent diodes (including their LASER irradiation), propagation and amplification in systems based on optical fibers, photovoltaic cells, LASER based on gemstones, solar concentrators and transparent conducting materials.
Due to the COVID-19 crisis, the information in this section is particularly likely to change.The class is organized on the basis of projects carried on by groups of 5-6 students. The different projects are presented during a plenary lecture (which might be a videoconference) at the beginning of the class. Each week, the groups discuss their progress with one of the teachers (during these meetings, the teacher also provides some coaching about the skills related to axes 3-6 of the learning outcomes). Their achievements are summarized in a written report (in English) and presented orally (potentially through a video) to their colleagues. The reports will be read by their colleagues and will lead to a Q&A session at the end of the oral presentation.
Due to the COVID-19 crisis, the information in this section is particularly likely to change.The skills of the students, both scientific and technical (Axis N°1) and relative to the other axes of the reference system (communication, project management ...) will be evaluated:
- by group on the basis of the written report of the work achieved and the oral presentation made to their colleagues (typically between the weeks 9 and 13 of the teaching period);
- individually with respect to their active participation to the weekly meetings with one of the teachers (continuous assessment);
- individually through written quizzes following the oral presentations of the other groups (thus also before the examination period);
- individually through a written exam on the basis of precise objectives defined and announced in advance (during the examination period). The written exam will concern the topics of the other groups.
- Sur Moodle, sont disponibles : les directives, les transparents/syllabus de support, les rapports des années précédentes.