lbbmc2108a  2019-2020  Louvain-la-Neuve

Note from June 29, 2020
Although we do not yet know how long the social distancing related to the Covid-19 pandemic will last, and regardless of the changes that had to be made in the evaluation of the June 2020 session in relation to what is provided for in this learning unit description, new learnig unit evaluation methods may still be adopted by the teachers; details of these methods have been - or will be - communicated to the students by the teachers, as soon as possible.
3 credits
Batoko Henri; Chaumont François; Draye Xavier;
Main themes
The lectures are based on knowledge from specialised textbooks, published reviews and research papers, and the topics covered are grouped in three modules:1- Plant genomics: Genome sequencing allows for the global complement of genes and proteins of a species to be studied. Descriptive genomic will put emphasis on specific characteristics of plant species (genes, transcripts, proteins, intergenic regions, transposons…); comparative genomic will highlight the structure and organisation of plant genomes and their evolution; functional genomic will detail the means to characterise particular genes or agronomic traits (quantitative trait loci).2- Molecular biology of plant development: It is a singularity of plants within the multicellular organisms to initiate organs throughout their life cycle. The molecular regulation of cell differentiation and polarisation within the embryo will be detailed. Making use of selected examples of structure and forms of organs initiated by plants, for which our cellular and molecular understanding is available, the contribution of endogenous signals (hormones programmed cell death…) and the environment in timing and shaping these organs will be discussed.3- Genomic adaptation and flexibility: Environmental constraints (dehydration, pathogens, toxics ions, xenobiotics…) modify the expression pattern of plant genes, ultimately helping the plant to sustain transient or permanent changes. Sensing and distinguishing between these constraints modulate the activity of specific transcription factors at the basis of the changes in gene expression. From best characterised examples from the literature, the biochemical and physiological consequences of the activity of some of these transcriptional factors will be detailed.
Teaching methods
The course is organized in inverted class. Students are divided into work groups during the first lecture. Each student will be involved in three group work covering the course material. The students will take care to develop the theoretical aspects according to the directives received from the teachers and for each work, will answer a thematic question of synthesis.
Evaluation methods
The assessment takes into account the preparation and presentation of group work in front of the class. On the other hand, students are asked to self-assess on reverse classroom work and this self-assessment can be used to adjust teachers' grades.
Faculty or entity

Programmes / formations proposant cette unité d'enseignement (UE)

Title of the programme
Master [120] in Agricultural Bioengineering