It analyses both the structures of the economic and social life of the period involved and the dynamics running through it and making it evolve, while paying attention to both permanence and discontinuity.
At the end of this learning unit, the student is able to :
In connection with political economy, sociology and quantitative methods in history courses, by the end of this course, students should be able to handle the various concepts of economic and social history, analyse the key moments in its economic and social evolution and its short as well as middle and long term movements; identify crises, their nature and factors, describe actors and contexts.
The contribution of this Teaching Unit to the development and command of the skills and learning outcomes of the programme(s) can be accessed at the end of this sheet, in the section entitled “Programmes/courses offering this Teaching Unit”.
After an introduction dealing with the principal orientations followed by the studies devoted to these topics since the 19th century, the course will focus on the main areas of economic activity in the Greek and Roman world.
The first chapter is devoted to the natural and societal conditions (territories, demographic models) within which Greek and Roman civilizations developed.
The second chapter deals with the agricultural world on which ancient economy was still primarily based. Which were the principal products and what were the size and structure of agricultural holdings will be then the main concern.
The next chapter goes into the artisanal world. To trace its progressive emergence will be the main issue at stake here. We will also examine the nature of the production units, as well as the parameters which determined their size and structure.
The last chapter will be devoted to trade. We will then focus on the physical areas (agora, forum) where trade takes place, as well as on price formation mechanisms before to turn to the merchant's world.