This biannual learning unit is not being organized in 2017-2018 !
The course will present a historical overview of the evolution of the concept of a philosophy of history.
Next, the course will present some observations on differing interpretations of the concept in order to point out the conflicts that set these interpretations against each other.
On this basis, a more specific debate shall be studied in order to provide an example of the general presentation.
At the end of this learning unit, the student is able to :
Upon successful completion of the course, the student should :
The contribution of this Teaching Unit to the development and command of the skills and learning outcomes of the programme(s) can be accessed at the end of this sheet, in the section entitled “Programmes/courses offering this Teaching Unit”.
This course will offer a comparison of two major turns in the theory of the subject: the first takes place in the romanticism of the beginning of the 19th century and in the context of modern psychiatry's birth, in the work of Reil and Hoffbauer, then Esquirol; the second in Soviet primo-structuralism with the birth of sociological poetics. Two épistémès that seem antithetical at first glance center on the relationship between subjects and the production of truth, as well as the origin of meaning that actually determines the contemporary configuration of subjectivity and the control over it. These two approaches should, we think, be confronted with Foucault's course aiming at founding a hermeneutics of 'self-care' capable of escaping such a configuration. The perspective of a eudemonics of the relation to self will attempt to sketch out the exit conditions of the order imposed by wills and languages.
The student will have approximately 15 minutes to present this answer during the oral exam.
The paper may be written in French, English, Spanish, or German, with the professor's agreement.
Bernaz O., Identité nationale et politique de la langue, Peter Lang, Bruxelles, 2016.
Foucault M., Subjectivité et vérité, Cours au Collège de France (1980-1981), Ed. EHESS/Seuil/ Gallimard, Paris, 2014.
Foucault M., L 'herméneutique du sujet. Cours au Collège de France (1981-1982), Ed. EHESS/ Seuil/Gallimard, Paris, 2001.
Gauchet M. et Quentel J.-Cl., Histoire du sujet et théorie de la personne, La rencontre Marcel Gauchet Jean Gagnepain, Presses universitaires de Rennes, Rennes, 2009.
Maesschalck M., La cause du sujet, Peter Lang, Bruxelles, 2015.
Seriot P., Structure et totalité, Les origines intellectuelles du structuralisme en Europe centrale et orientale, Lambert Lucas, Limoges, 2012 (1ère éd. PUF, 1999).
Regenspurger K. et van Zantwijk T. (dir.), Wissenschaftliche Anthropologie um 1800 ?, Franz Steiner Verlag, Wiesbaden, 2005.
Wallace IV E. R. & Gach J. (eds), History of Psychiatry and Médical Psychology, Springer, NY, 2008.