Ontologies appliquées biomédicales et ontologie philosophique : un développement complémentaire

Adrien Barton, Arnaud Rosier

Résumé


L’augmentation massive de la quantité de données issues de sources hétérogènes motive le développement d’outils de traitement de l’information permettant leur interopérabilité sémantique. Les ontologies appliquées ont été développées dans ce but. Nous montrerons, dans cet article, en quoi l’ontologie philosophique a un rôle central à jouer dans l’ontologie appliquée, notamment biomédicale ; et réciproquement, en quoi l’ontologie appliquée éclaire certaines problématiques classiques d’ontologie philosophique, en prenant pour exemple la question suivante : la maladie est-elle une espèce naturelle ?

The massive increase of data generated by heterogeneous sources requires the development of computer tools enabling their semantic interoperability. Applied ontologies aim at fulfilling such needs. We will show in this article the central role that philosophical ontology can play for applied ontology, with a focus on biomedical ontologies; and reciprocally, how applied ontology can enlighten some classical issues in philosophical ontology, by considering the following question: Is disease a natural kind?

Mots-clés


ontologie appliquée; espèce naturelle; maladie

Texte intégral :

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.20416/lsrsps.v3i1.273

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