Provide a description of chemical bonding in relationship with materials classes, of consequent microstructures, and of resulting structural and functional properties;
Provide basic thermodynamic and kinetic concepts for materials processing. The course provides a unified picture of materials, beyond specifics associated with materials classes, while explaining the particular behavior of specific materials.
The course is divided into 3 parts. The first part is centred on the chemical bond concept, allowing the classification of materials. In a second part, various functional properties of materials are described. At last, the third part proposes an introduction to materials engineering for metals, ceramics and polymers. The aim of the present course consists in the illustration of the link between macroscopic properties of various classes of materials and the fundamental aspect of matter, from its atomic or molecular level to its microstructure.
Content and teaching methods
Historical and economical aspects, materials classes, selection of materials, plan.
2. Chemical bonding and introduction to crystallography
1. Chemical bonding
Types of bonds, main polymerization reactions, tacticity, molecular architecture.
2. Introduction to crystallography
3. Crystal defects
3. Functional properties of materials
1. Bases of quantum mechanics
2. Elastic waves in solids
3. Free and quasi-free electrons
4. Electrical conductivity
5. Thermal conductivity
6. Dielectric, optical and magnetic properties
4. Materials engineering
1. Formation and evolution of microstructures
2. Strain behaviour
4. Relationships between molecular architecture/ mirostructure/ properties for polymeric materials.
Ex-cathedra courses, with numerous industrial and academic examples.
Other information (prerequisite, evaluation (assessment methods), course materials recommended readings, ...)
Basic notions in chemistry, physics and thermodynamics.
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